|Titolo||Assessment of present and future risk to Italian forests and human health: Modelling and mapping|
|Tipo di pubblicazione||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Anno di Pubblicazione||2009|
|Autori||De Marco, Alessandra|
|Parole chiave||air monitoring, Air Pollutants, Air pollution, Air pollution control, Air quality, air quality control, Air quality monitoring network, ambient air, AOT40, article, assessment method, atmospheric transport, comparative study, controlled study, Cover areas, Critical levels, death, environmental exposure, Environmental impact, Environmental monitoring, Eu regulations, Eurasia, Europe, forest, greenhouse effect, Health, health hazard, health risk, Health risks, human, Human healths, Humans, Integrated assessment models, Italian forests, Italy, Laws and legislation, Map qualities, mapping method, Modeling, Models, Monitoring networks, Monitoring sites, Mortality, national health organization, Oxidants, ozonation, Ozone, Ozone pollutions, Photochemical, pollution monitoring, Premature deaths, public health, Rain, Risk assessment, Risk perception, simulation, SOMO35, Southern Europe, surface property, Theoretical, Trees, troposphere, Tropospheric ozone|
A review of ozone pollution in Italy shows levels largely above the thresholds established by EU regulation for vegetation and human health protection. The Italian air quality monitoring network appears quantitatively inadequate to cover all the territorial surface, because of scarcity and unequal distribution of monitoring sites. By applying the integrated assessment model RAINS-Italy to the year 2000, the whole of Italy exceeds the AOT40 critical level for forest, while Northern and central areas show strong potential of O3 impact on human health with ∼11% of territory >10 O3-induced premature deaths. Two scenarios for the year 2020, the Current Legislation and the Maximum Technical Feasible Reduction, show a reduction of AOT40Forest by 29% and 44%, SOMO35 by 31% and 47%, and O3-induced premature deaths by 32% and 48%, compared to 2000. RAINS-Italy can be used to improve the map quality and cover areas not reached by the national monitoring network. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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