|Titolo||Classification of synoptic weather clusters associated with dust accumulation over southeastern areas of the Caspian Sea (Northeast Iran and Karakum desert)|
|Tipo di pubblicazione||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Anno di Pubblicazione||2022|
|Autori||Mohammadpour, K., Sciortino M., Kaskaoutis D.G., and Rashki A.|
|Parole chiave||aerosol, atmospheric dynamics, Caspian Coast [Iran], climate classification, dust storm, Iran, Karakum, Principal component analysis, spatial distribution, synoptic meteorology, Turkmenistan, Weather, wind|
In this study, daily-mean total and dust aerosol optical depth (TAOD, DAOD, respectively) obtained from the Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate (MACC) and meteorological fields from ERA-Interim reanalysis are used to identify spatial patterns of dust accumulation over northeast Iran and Karakum Desert during 2003–2012. The most dust-affected area is defined using highest variances of DAOD by S-mode and weather clusters by T-mode principal component analysis (PCA). Six weather clusters are classified via the statistical analysis, associated with high DAOD values, with larger frequency in spring, while PC1 (41 cases) dominates in summer. The results show that changes in the intensity and expansion of the Siberian/European high-pressures in spring modulate strong northeasterlies or northwesterlies over Central Asia, which are associated with frontal dust storms over the desert areas (Aralkum, Karakum). In addition, dynamic conditions associated with the sub-tropical jet stream and the Iranian trough, and combined with convective conditions at areas of thermal lows in east Iran, create a strong southwesterly wind – called Qibla – over the Iranian Plateau. These two contrasting wind regimes converge over northeast Iran/Karakum Desert, facilitating dust accumulation over the area. In summer, northerly winds dominate over Central Asia, but the absence of Qibla flow allows them to traverse till the north coast of the Arabian Sea, where they converge with the southwest monsoon flow. The accumulation of dust over northeast Iran/Karakum is lesser than that over Pakistan and Thar desert. Furthermore, the upper-level sub-tropical jet stream moves northward in summer, with core over Turkmenistan/Uzbekistan. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.
cited By 0