Comparative toxicity of nano ZnO and bulk ZnO towards marine algae Tetraselmis suecica and Phaeodactylum tricornutum

TitoloComparative toxicity of nano ZnO and bulk ZnO towards marine algae Tetraselmis suecica and Phaeodactylum tricornutum
Tipo di pubblicazioneArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Anno di Pubblicazione2017
AutoriLi, J., Schiavo S., Rametta G., Miglietta M.L., La Ferrara V., Wu C., and Manzo Sonia
RivistaEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Paginazione1-11
ISSN09441344
Astratto

The wide use of ZnO nanoparticles in a number of products implies an increasing release into the marine environment, resulting in the need to evaluate the potential effects upon organisms, and particularly phytoplankton, being at the base of the throphic chain. To this aim, dose–response curves for the green alga Tetraselmis suecica and the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum derived from the exposure to nano ZnO (100 nm) were evaluated and compared with those obtained for bulk ZnO (200 nm) and ionic zinc. The toxic effects to both algae species were reported as no observable effect concentration (NOEC) of growth inhibition and as 1, 10, and 50% effect concentrations (EC1, EC10, and EC50). The toxicity decreased in the order nano ZnO > Zn2+ > bulk ZnO. EC50 values for nano ZnO were 3.91 [3.66–4.14] mg Zn/L towards the green microalgae and 1.09 [0.96–1.57] mg Zn/L towards the diatom, indicating a higher sensitivity of P. tricornutum. The observed diverse effects can be ascribed to the interaction occurring between different algae and ZnO particles. Due to algae motility, ZnO particles were intercepted in different phases of aggregation and sedimentation processes, while algae morphology and size can influence the level of entrapment by NP aggregates. This underlines the need to take into account the peculiarity of the biological system in the assessment of NP toxicity. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85009178449&doi=10.1007%2fs11356-016-8343-0&partnerID=40&md5=8c3f49d6c3e731cbe606769d130a9ae4
DOI10.1007/s11356-016-8343-0