|Titolo||Policies for the promotion of sustainable mobility and the reduction of traffic-related air pollution in the cities participating in the EpiAir2 project|
|Tipo di pubblicazione||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Anno di Pubblicazione||2013|
|Autori||Di Lonardo, S., Nuvolone D., Forastiere F., Cadum E., Barchielli A., Accetta G., Alessandrini E.R., Angelini P., Angiuli L., Antonelli A., et al.|
|Rivista||Epidemiologia e Prevenzione|
|Parole chiave||air pollutant, Air Pollutants, Air pollution, Cities, city, Environmental monitoring, epidemiological monitoring, exhaust gas, Health, health care policy, Health Policy, human, Humans, Italy, prevention and control, standards, traffic and transport, Transportation, Urban Health, Vehicle Emissions|
OBJECTIVE: to describe transport policies adopted in recent years (2006-2010) by some Italian municipalities and their effectiveness. DESIGN AND SETTING: survey data refer to fifteen cities participating in the EpiAir2 project: Torino, Milano, Venezia, Bologna, Firenze, Pisa, Roma, Taranto, Palermo, Cagliari, Trieste, Genova, Ancona, Napoli, and Bari. RESULTS: this survey revealed strengths and weaknesses of the way in which these Italian cities address the promotion of sus-tainable mobility. As a general rule, the vehicles fleets have been renewed with a reduction of old-emission-standard vehicles. Italian cities reported a considerable delay in the development of underground and tram systems, and suburban rail networks, compared to other European urban areas. Regarding other aspects of urban mobility (supply/demand for public transport, low traffic and pedestrian zones, bike paths, car and bike sharing), this survey highlighted a great heterogeneity among Italian cities. CONCLUSION: differences between Italian cities are partly explained by structural and cultural features and also by local governance, specifically the political capability to design and adopt effective policies concerning urban transportation systems and their environmental impact. Various and fragmented initiatives are signs that Italy has not formulated a comprehensive and integrated strategy about sustainable mobility in urban areas yet.
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