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Verification of parameterizations for clear sky downwelling longwave irradiance in the Arctic

TitoloVerification of parameterizations for clear sky downwelling longwave irradiance in the Arctic
Tipo di pubblicazioneArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Anno di Pubblicazione2024
AutoriPace, Giandomenico, Di Sarra Alcide, Quaglia Filippo Calì, Ciardini Virginia, Di Iorio Tatiana, Iaccarino Antonio, Meloni Daniela, Muscari Giovanni, and Scarchilli Claudio
RivistaAtmospheric Measurement Techniques
Paginazione1617 – 1632
Type of ArticleArticle
Parole chiavealgorithm, Arctic, clear sky, downwelling, emissivity, Greenland, ground-based measurement, irradiance, longwave radiation, parameterization, Partial pressure, satellite imagery, spatial resolution

Ground-based high resolution observations of downward longwave irradiance (DLI), surface air temperature, water vapor surface partial pressure and column amount, zenith sky infrared (IR) radiance in the atmospheric window, and all-sky camera images are regularly obtained at the Thule High Arctic Atmospheric Observatory (THAAO, 76.5° N, 68.8° W), northwestern Greenland. The datasets for the years 2017 and 2018 have been used to assess the performance of different empirical formulas used to infer clear sky DLI. An algorithm to identify clear sky observations has been developed, based on value, variability, and persistence of zenith sky IR radiance. Seventeen different formulas to estimate DLI have been tested against the THAAO dataset, using the originally determined coefficients. The formulas that combine information on total column water vapor and surface air temperature appear to perform better than others, with a mean bias with respect to the measured DLI smaller than 1 W m-2 and a root mean squared error (RMSE) around 6 W m-2. Unexpectedly, some formulas specifically developed for the Arctic are found to produce poor statistical results. This is attributed partly to limitations in the originally used dataset, which does not cover a whole year or is relative to very specific condition (i.e., the presence of an ice sheet). As expected, the bias displays a significant improvement when the coefficients of the different formulas are calculated using the THAAO dataset. The presence of 2 full years of data allows the determination and the applicability of the coefficients for singular years and the evaluation of results. The smallest values of the bias and RMSE reach 0.1 and 5 W m-2, respectively. Overall, the best results are found for formulas that use both surface parameters and total water vapor column content, and have been developed from global datasets. Conversely, formulas that express the atmospheric emissivity as a linear function of the logarithm of the column integrated water vapor appear to reproduce poorly the observations at THAAO. © 2024 Giandomenico Pace et al.


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Citation KeyPace20241617