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Application of Product Data Technology Standards to LCA Data

TitoloApplication of Product Data Technology Standards to LCA Data
Tipo di pubblicazioneArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Anno di Pubblicazione2011
AutoriMoreno, Anna, Cappellaro Francesca, Masoni Paolo, and Amato Anna
RivistaJournal of Industrial Ecology
Paginazione483 – 495
Type of ArticleArticle
Parole chiaveCommercial information, data management, Data quality, design method, Ecodesign, Environmental data, environmental management, Environmental performance, environmental protection, Environmentally-friendly, Industrial ecology, industrial practice, information and communication technology, Information and communications technology, Information and communications technology (ICT), Information management, Information standards, Information technology, Information use, innovation, International standards, life cycle, life cycle analysis, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life-cycle assessments, New product, Ontology, Product data, Product design, Product development, Product life cycles, Semantic Web, Semantics, software, Software applications, standard (reference), Standard products, standards, User interfaces

Applications of information and communications technology (ICT) for the management of environmental data, if used during the design and at the end of the product life cycle, can improve the environmental performance of products. This specific application of ICT for data management is called product data technology (PDT) and is based on the use of international standards developed by ISO TC184/SC4. PDT enables the computerized representations of information about products, processes, and their properties that are independent of any proprietary computer system or software application. The standard product data models are designed to integrate the necessary information about materials used in the product, and such information can be accessed and used at any point in the life cycle, from design to disposal. In the article, we present how PDT can support life cycle assessment (LCA) by focusing on a series of standards for communicating data for design and manufacture and standards for business and commercial information. Examples of possibilities for using PDT and semantic web for LCA data are introduced. The findings presented here are based on DEPUIS (Design of Environmentally-Friendly Products Using Information Standards), a project aimed at improving the eco-design of new products and services through the innovative use of new information standards. © 2011 by Yale University.


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Citation KeyMoreno2011483