miRNA-Signature of Irradiated Ptch1+/- Mouse Lens is Dependent on Genetic Background

TitlemiRNA-Signature of Irradiated Ptch1+/- Mouse Lens is Dependent on Genetic Background
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsTanno, Barbara, Babini G., Leonardi Simona, De Stefano Ilaria, Merla Caterina, Novelli Flavia, Antonelli F., Casciati Arianna, Tanori Mirella, Pasquali Emanuela, Giardullo Paola, Pazzaglia Simonetta, Mancuso M., and Consortium LDLensRad
JournalRadiation research

One harmful long-term effect of ionizing radiation is cataract development. Recent studies have been focused on elucidating the mechanistic pathways involved in this pathogenesis. Since accumulating evidence has established a role of microRNAs in ocular diseases, including cataract, the goal of this work was to determine the microRNA signature of the mouse lens, at short time periods postirradiation, to understand the mechanisms related to radio-induced cataractogenesis. To evaluate the differences in the microRNA profiles, 10-week-old Patched1 heterozygous (Ptch1+/-) mice, bred onto two different genetic backgrounds (CD1 and C57Bl/6J), received whole-body 2 Gy γ-ray irradiation, and 24 h later lenses were collected. Next-generation sequencing and bioinformatics analysis revealed that genetic background markedly influenced the list of the deregulated microRNAs and the mainly predicted perturbed biological functions of 2 Gy irradiated Ptch1+/- mouse lenses. We identified a subset of microRNAs with a contra-regulated expression between strains, with a key role in regulating Toll-like receptor (TLR)-signaling pathways. Furthermore, a detailed analysis of miRNome data showed a completely different DNA damage response in mouse lenses 24 h postirradiation, mainly mediated by a marked upregulation of p53 signaling in Ptch1+/-/C57Bl/6J lenses that was not detected on a CD1 background. We propose a strict interplay between p53 and TLR signaling in Ptch1+/-/C57Bl/6J lenses shortly after irradiation that could explain both the resistance of this strain to developing lens opacities and the susceptibility of CD1 background to radiation-induced cataractogenesis through activation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. ©2022 by Radiation Research Society. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.


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