Determination of the safety level of an advanced lithium ion battery having a nanostructured Sn-C anode, a high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode, and a polyvinylidene fluoride-based gel electrolyte

TitleDetermination of the safety level of an advanced lithium ion battery having a nanostructured Sn-C anode, a high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode, and a polyvinylidene fluoride-based gel electrolyte
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsHassoun, J., Reale P., Panero S., Scrosati B., Wachtler M., Fleischhammer M., Kasper M., and Wohlfahrt-Mehrens M.
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume55
Pagination4194-4200
ISSN00134686
KeywordsAdvanced lithium-ion batteries, Complex analysis, Differential scanning calorimetry, Electrolytes, Gel electrolyte, Gels, High voltage, Ions, Lithium, Lithium alloys, Lithium batteries, Lithium-ion battery, Lithium-ion polymer batteries, Manganese, Manganese compounds, Mass Spectrometry, Nano-structured, Photoresists, Polyvinylidene fluorides, Pyrolysis, Safety level, Thermal decomposition process, Thermal decompositions, Thermal gravimetric analysis, Thermogravimetric analysis, Tin
Abstract

In this work we evaluate the safety characteristics of an advanced Sn-C/EC:PC 1:1, LiPF6 PVdF gel electrolyte (GPE)/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 lithium ion polymer battery. The tests are performed by using a complex analysis that combines Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), and Mass Spectrometry (MS). This is a very convenient tool since it detects eventual thermal decomposition processes and provides information on the nature of their products. The results of the DSC-TGA-MS analysis are here reported and discussed. They demonstrate that both the anode and the cathode sides of the battery may stand temperatures up to ca. 200 °C without undergoing thermal decomposition. This is a convincing evidence that the Sn-C/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 lithium ion polymer battery is safe. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-77950024635&doi=10.1016%2fj.electacta.2010.02.063&partnerID=40&md5=b268fad21a1c770b389ebb45f5dd6e03
DOI10.1016/j.electacta.2010.02.063