|Title||Electroluminescence properties of poly(3-hexylthiophene)-cadmium sulfide nanoparticles grown in situ|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Borriello, C., Masala S., Bizzarro V., Nenna G., Re Marilena, Pesce Emanuela, Minarini Carla, and Di Luccio Tiziana|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|Keywords||Cadmium, Cadmium compounds, Cadmium sulfide, Cadmium sulfide nanoparticle, Carrier mobility, CdS, CdS nanoparticles, Conducting polymers, Different sizes, Electroluminescence properties, Electrooptical properties, Emitting layer, In-situ, Nanocomposites, Nanoparticles, Nucleation and growth, Organic conductors, Organic light-emitting devices, Poly (3-hexylthiophene), Pure polymers, Simple approach, Transmission electron, Transmission electron microscopy, X ray diffraction, X ray diffraction analysis|
In this work, a simple approach to prepare luminescent poly(3- hexylthiophene)-CdS nanocomposites to be employed in organic light emitting devices (OLED) devices is reported. The nucleation and growth of CdS nanoparticles were obtained by the thermolysis of a single Cd and S precursor dispersed in the polymer at three different temperatures of annealing: 240, 265, and 300°C. In this way, it was possible to compare the properties of nanocomposites containing nanoparticles with different sizes. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analyses confirmed the formation of CdS nanoparticles and gave information about the size, distribution, and morphology of the nanoparticles; monodispersive and very small nanoparticles with diameters below 2.5 nm were obtained at 240°C. The application of such nanocomposites as emitting layers in OLED devices is discussed. Enhanced electrooptical properties were observed for the device containing the nanocomposite annealed at 240°C with respect to the pure polymer based device. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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