|Title||Long-lasting effects of lindane on mouse spermatogenesis induced by in utero exposure|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Authors||Traina, M.E., Rescia M., Urbani E., Mantovani A., Macrì C., Ricciardi C., Stazi A.V., Fazzi P., Cordelli Eugenia, Eleuteri Patrizia, Leter Giorgio, and Spanò M.|
|Keywords||Administration, Androgen Antagonists, animal cell, animal experiment, animal tissue, Animalia, Animals, article, Cell Count, chromatin, concentration response, controlled study, diethylstilbestrol, DNA, DNA damage, DNA determination, dose response, Environmental Pollutants, enzyme activity, epididymis, Female, Flow cytometry, germ cell, gestational age, haploidy, histopathology, iditol dehydrogenase, Inbred Strains, Infertility, insecticide, lactate dehydrogenase, Leydig cell, lindane, male, Maternal Exposure, Mice, mouse, newborn, nonhuman, Oral, perinatal period, pregnancy, prenatal exposure, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects, Reproduction, reproductive toxicity, spermatogenesis, Spermatozoa, spermatozoon, spermatozoon count, spermatozoon maturation, steroidogenesis, testis, testis cell, Toxicity Tests|
Long-lasting effects on mouse spermatogenesis induced by prenatal exposure to the insecticide lindane have been investigated by conventional reproductive endpoints complemented by the flow cytometric (FCM) DNA content analysis of testis cells and by the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA). Two lindane dose levels, 15 and 25 mg/kg bw, and diethylstilboestrol (DES, 10 μg/kg bw) as positive control, were administered daily by gavage to pregnant CD1 mice on gestation days (GD) 9-16. Reproductive endpoints were evaluated on F1 male mice on postnatal day (PND) 60; additionally, animals treated with lindane 25 mg/kg per day and DES were examined on PND 100 to evaluate the possible reversibility of the effects. On PND 60, lindane and DES caused a reduction in the sperm head count and concentration, with recovery in older lindane 25 mg/kg per day animals (PND 100). By contrast, the DES group exhibited a greater reduction in the sperm head count on PND 100 than on PND 60. Changes in biochemical parameters in the testes, lactate dehydrogenase-C4 (LDH-C4), and sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) activities, were also observed in adult treated F1 mice. Furthermore on PND 60, the FCM analysis revealed changes in the pattern of testicular germ cell distribution, especially in the haploid subcompartment, in the lindane 25 mg/kg per day group. A dose-dependent increase in chromatin abnormalities of the epididymal sperm was also shown by SCSA. These changes recovered on PND 100. Preliminary qualitative examination did not reveal any significant difference in the structure of testicular tissue; however, there were suggestions of a moderate increase in number and size of Leydig cells in both DES- and lindane-treated animals. The partial reversibility of these effects and the lack of structural modification of the testicular tissue as evidenced by histopathologic assessment suggest a functional impairment of sperm production and maturation, possibly associated with changes induced by lindane on factors affecting intratesticular steroidogenesis. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
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