|Title||Full-term pregnancies achieved with ICSI despite high levels of sperm chromatin damage|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Gandini, L., Lombardo F., Paoli D., Caruso F., Eleuteri Patrizia, Leter Giorgio, Ciriminna R., Culasso F., Dondero F., Lenzi A., and Spanò M.|
|Keywords||adult, analytic method, article, buserelin, chorionic gonadotropin, chromatin, chromatin structure, clinical article, conception, controlled study, Correlation analysis, delivery, DNA damage, DNA fragment, DNA fragmentation, ejaculation, Embryo Transfer, Female, fertilization, fertilization in vitro, Flow cytometry, gene transfer, human, human cell, Humans, infertility therapy, Intracytoplasmic, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, male, male infertility, pregnancy, pregnancy rate, Prospective Studies, prospective study, recombinant follitropin, semen analysis, Sperm Injections, treatment outcome|
Background: Sperm DNA integrity is essential for the accurate transmission of genetic information. The clinical significance of this assessment lies in its association with not only natural conception rates, but also the success of assisted reproduction technology (ART). It has been reported that sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) identified thresholds for negative pregnancy outcome after ART when the DNA fragmentation index (DFI), previously known as COMPαt, was >30%. Methods: In a prospective clinical study, we examined 34 male infertile patients, the husbands of women undergoing conventional IVF or ICSI. SCSA and ART were carried out on semen aliquots taken from the same ejaculate. Fertilization rate, embryo quality and pregnancy rates were correlated to SCSA parameters, DFI and highly DNA stainable (HDS) cells. Results: No differences were seen in SCSA parameter values between patients initiating pregnancies and not doing so in either ICSI or conventional IVF. Pregnancies and normal delivery were obtained even with high levels of DFI. Conclusions: There is still controversy over whether analytical techniques currently in use are able to identify the level of damage to spermatozoa. Large-scale studies should be conducted in different clinical settings to determine the effects of sperm DNA damage on the outcome of ART. © European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology 2004; all rights reserved.
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