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Effects of different rootstocks on aroma volatile compounds and carotenoid content of melon fruits

TitleEffects of different rootstocks on aroma volatile compounds and carotenoid content of melon fruits
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsCondurso, C., Verzera A., Dima G., Tripodi G., Crinò P., Paratore A., and Romano D.
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Pagination9 - 16
Date Published2012
KeywordsCarotenoids, Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus, Fruit quality, Grafting, Volatile profile

Grafting plants on resistant rootstocks is an effective tool for controlling soil borne diseases and represents a common practice in land-intensive melon cultivation. Although it is known that type of rootstock alters both yield and quality attributes of the fruit, the horticultural industry has traditionally focused only on yield. The increasing consumer attention for high quality vegetable crops makes it indispensable to carefully select rootstocks/scion combinations able to ensure also a high quality fruits. In this regards the research aimed to evaluate the effects of grafting on melon volatile aroma compounds and carotenoid content that are quality parameters rarely investigated till now in grafted melon. Five Cucurbita maxima×Cucurbita moschata hybrids (namely Polifemo, AS10, RS841, P360 and ELSI) and two genotypes of melon (Energia and Sting), selected for their disease resistance, were tested as rootstocks for melon cv. Proteo under greenhouse conditions. All the used rootstocks exhibited a good affinity with the scion, with Polifemo showing, in the early harvest, a productivity higher than control (about 60%) and a significant increase in fruit number. As regards the volatile compounds, the content of key aroma esters ethyl 2-methylbutanoate and ethyl butanoate resulted lower in most of the grafted samples (20-55% and 63-95% less than control, respectively), except in sample from Proteo/Sting grafting combination. The aroma of melons grafted on pumpkin hybrid and on Energia rootstocks resulted more similar to the control. The use of pumpkin hybrids rootstocks determined an improvement of qualitative and quantitative carotenoid profile for the presence of lutein (5.5-13.7mgkg


Export Date: 22 November 2012Source: ScopusArticle in Press

Citation Key3637