Assessment of the effectiveness of a novel BioFilm-Membrane BioReactor oil-polluted wastewater treatment technology by applying biomarkers in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis

TitleAssessment of the effectiveness of a novel BioFilm-Membrane BioReactor oil-polluted wastewater treatment technology by applying biomarkers in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsCaliani, I., De Marco G., Cappello T., Giannetto A., Mancini G., Ancora S., Maisano M., Parrino V., Cappello S., Bianchi N., Oliva S., Luciano Antonella, Mauceri A., Leonzio C., and Fasulo S.
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume243
ISSN0166445X
Abstract

Petrochemical industries and oil refineries are sources of hazardous chemicals into the aquatic environments, and often a leading cause of reduced oxygen availability, thus resulting in adverse effects in biota. This study is an expansion of our previous work on the assessment of the BioFilm-Membrane Bioreactor (BF-MBR) to mitigate the impact of oil-polluted wastewater on marine environments. Specifically, this study evaluated the reduction of selected chemical constituents (hydrocarbons and trace metals) and toxicity related to hypoxia and DNA damage to mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, before and after treatment of oil-polluted wastewater with the BF-MBR. The application of a multidisciplinary approach provided evidence of the efficiency of BF-MBR to significantly reducing the pollutants load from oily contaminated seawaters. As result, the health status of mussels was preserved by a hypoxic condition due to oily pollutants, as evidenced by the modulation in the gene expression of HIF-1α and PHD and changes in the level of hypotaurine and taurine. Moreover, ameliorative effects in the energy metabolism were also found in mussel gills showing increased levels of glycogen, glucose and ATP, as well as a mitigated genotoxicity was revealed by the Micronucleus and Comet assays. Overall, findings from this study support the use of the BF-MBR as a promising treatment biotechnology to avoid or limiting the compromise of marine environments from oil pollution. © 2021

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URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85122179073&doi=10.1016%2fj.aquatox.2021.106059&partnerID=40&md5=2a6815bc024061ef389aae45d8cc130a
DOI10.1016/j.aquatox.2021.106059