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Lung and gut microbiota changes associated with pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in mouse models of cystic fibrosis

TitleLung and gut microbiota changes associated with pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in mouse models of cystic fibrosis
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBacci, G., Rossi A., Armanini F., Cangioli L., De Fino I., Segata N., Mengoni A., Bragonzi A., and Bevivino Annamaria
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Date PublishedJan-11-2021

Cystic fibrosis (CF) disease leads to altered lung and gut microbiomes compared to healthy subjects. The magnitude of this dysbiosis is influenced by organ‐specific microenvironmental conditions at different stages of the disease. However, how this gut‐lung dysbiosis is influenced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa chronic infection is unclear. To test the relationship between CFTR dysfunction and gut‐lung microbiome under chronic infection, we established a model of P. aeruginosa infection in wild‐type (WT) and gut‐corrected CF mice. Using 16S ribosomal RNA gene, we compared lung, stool, and gut microbiota of C57Bl/6 Cftr tm1UNC TgN(FABPCFTR) or WT mice at the naïve state or infected with P. aeruginosa. P. aeruginosa infection influences murine health significantly changing body weight both in CF and WT mice. Both stool and gut microbiota revealed significantly higher values of alpha diversity in WT mice than in CF mice, while lung microbiota showed similar values. Infection with P. aeruginosa did not changed the diversity of the stool and gut microbiota, while a drop of diversity of the lung microbiota was observed compared to non‐infected mice. However, the taxonomic composition of gut microbiota was shown to be influenced by P. aeruginosa infection in CF mice but not in WT mice. This finding indicates that P. aeruginosa chronic infection has a major impact on microbiota diversity and composition in the lung. In the gut, CFTR genotype and P. aeruginosa infection affected the overall diversity and taxonomic microbiota composition, respectively. Overall, our results suggest a cross‐talk between lung and gut microbiota in relation to P. aeruginosa chronic infection and CFTR mutation. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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Short TitleIJMS
Citation KeyBacci2021