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Reductive amination reaction for the functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals

TitleReductive amination reaction for the functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsOmar, O.H., Giannelli R., Colaprico E., Capodieci Laura, Babudri F., and Operamolla A.

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) represent intriguing biopolymeric nanocrystalline materials, that are biocompatible, sustainable and renewable, can be chemically functionalized and are endowed with exceptional mechanical properties. Recently, studies have been performed to prepare CNCs with extraordinary photophysical properties, also by means of their functionalization with organic light-emitting fluorophores. In this paper, we used the reductive amination reaction to chemically bind 4-(1-pyrenyl)butanamine selectively to the reducing termini of sulfated or neutral CNCs (S_CNC and N_CNC) obtained from sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid hydrolysis. The functionalization reaction is simple and straightforward, and it induces the appearance of the typical pyrene emission profile in the functionalized materials. After a characterization of the new materials performed by ATR-FTIR and fluorescence spectroscopies, we demonstrate luminescence quenching of the decorated N_CNC by copper (II) sulfate, hypothesizing for these new functionalized materials an application in water purification technologies. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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Citation KeyOmar2021