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Sea surface temperature intercomparison in the framework of the copernicus climate change service (C3S)

TitleSea surface temperature intercomparison in the framework of the copernicus climate change service (C3S)
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsYang, C., Leonelli F.E., Marullo S., Artale V., Beggs H., Nardelli B.B., Chin T.M., De Toma V., Good S., Huang B., Merchant C.J., Sakurai T., Santoleri R., Vázquez-Cuervo J., Zhang H.-M., and Pisano A.
JournalJournal of Climate
KeywordsAntarctic circumpolar current regions, Atmospheric temperature, Climate analysis, Climate change, Intercomparisons, Observation frequencies, Ocean currents, Sea surface temperature (SST), spatial resolution, Spectral density, Submarine geophysics, Surface properties, Surface waters, Temporal variability, Western boundary currents

A joint effort between the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) and the Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) has been dedicated to an intercomparison study of eight global gap-free sea surface temperature (SST) products to assess their accurate representation of the SST relevant to climate analysis. In general, all SST products show consistent spatial patterns and temporal variability during the overlapping time period (2003-18). The main differences between each product are located in the western boundary current and Antarctic Circumpolar Current regions. Linear trends display consistent SST spatial patterns among all products and exhibit a strong warming trend from 2012 to 2018 with the Pacific Ocean basin as the main contributor. The SST discrepancy between all SST products is very small compared to the significant warming trend. Spatial power spectral density shows that the interpolation into 18 spatial resolution has negligible impacts on our results. The global mean SST time series reveals larger differences among all SST products during the early period of the satellite era (1982-2002) when there were fewer observations, indicating that the observation frequency is the main constraint of the SST climatology. The maturity matrix scores, which present the maturity of each product in terms of documentation, storage, and dissemination but not the scientific quality, demonstrate that ESACCI and OSTIA SST are well documented for users' convenience. Improvements could be made for MGDSST and BoM SST. Finally, we have recommended that these SST products can be used for fundamental climate applications and climate studies (e.g., El Niño). © 2021 American Meteorological Society. All rights reserved.


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Citation KeyYang20215257