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AB5/ABS composite material for hydrogen storage

TitleAB5/ABS composite material for hydrogen storage
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsPentimalli, Marzia, Padella F., Pilloni L., Imperi E., and Matricardi P.
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
KeywordsAB5, ABS resins, Absorption properties, Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymers, Butadiene, Characterization techniques, Charging/discharging, Composite materials, Composite micromechanics, Composite pellets, Dsc measurements, High pressures, Hot pressing, Housing, Hydriding, Hydriding kinetics, Hydrogen, Hydrogen storage, Material characteristics, matrixes, Metal hydrides, Metal particles, Metal phase, Metal vapor lamps, Micro and nano particles, Particle coatings, Pelletizing, Physical and chemical properties, Polymer blends, Polymers, Polystyrenes, Pressure values, Repeated fragmentations, Storage devices, styrene, Uniaxial hot pressings, Van't Hoff plots

AB5 metal hydride (MH) particles were polymer dispersed in order to entrap the micro and nanoparticles produced by repeated fragmentations of the metal phase during the hydrogen charging/discharging cycles. Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS) was selected as a matrix on the basis of its physical and chemical properties. AB5/ABS composite pellets were obtained by using a dry mechanical particle coating approach in a tumbling-mill apparatus and successive consolidation by uniaxial hot pressing. A number of characterization techniques were used to assess the morphological, chemical and structural properties of the composites. High pressure DSC measurements, conducted at different pressure values, were used to assess the H2 absorption properties and profile the Van't Hoff plots of the material. The overall results indicated that the AB5/ABS composite well tolerated the hydriding effects on metal particles, with no losses in hydriding kinetics. The material characteristics were found to be compatible with its application in developing MH-based H2 storage devices. © 2008 International Association for Hydrogen Energy.


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Citation KeyPentimalli20094592