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Multifunctional bioactive resin for dental restorative materials

TitleMultifunctional bioactive resin for dental restorative materials
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsTammaro, L., Di Salle A., Calarco A., De Luca I., Riccitiello F., Peluso G., Vittoria V., and Sorrentino A.
KeywordsAnti-biofilm, Bentonite, biomechanics, Composite Resins, Continuous improvements, Dental composites, Dental Materials, Dental pulp stem cells, Dental restorative materials, Fluorine Compounds, Layered double hydroxides, Mechanical properties, Pulp materials, Resins, Restorative dentistry, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Stem cells

Resin-based composites are widely used as dental restorative materials due to their excellent properties. They must have high modulus, high hardness, and be chemically inert while minimizing moisture uptake. To fulfill these higher standard prerequisites and properties, continuous improvements in each of their components are required. This study develops novel composites with multiple biofunctions. Light-cured Bis-GMA/TEGDMA dental resin (RK)/layered double hydroxide intercalated with fluoride ions (LDH-F)/calcium bentonite (Bt) hybrid composites were prepared. The loading ratio of LDH-F to Bt was varied, ranging from 2.5/2.5 to 10/10 parts per hundred RK and structural, mechanical, and biological properties were studied. The incorporation of even small mass fractions (e.g., 2.5 wt% of LDH-F and 2.5 wt% of Bt) in RK dental resin significantly improved the mechanical properties of the pristine resin. The synthetized materials showed antibacterial and antibiofilm effects against three bacterial strains isolated from healthy volunteers' saliva (Streptococcus spp., Bacteroides fragilis, and Staphylococcus epidermidis) without affecting its ability to induce dental pulp stem cells differentiation into odontoblast-like cells. The capability to balance between the antibiofilm activity and dental pulp stem cells differentiation in addition with improved mechanical properties make these materials a promising strategy in preventive and restorative dentistry. © 2020 by the authors.


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Citation KeyTammaro2020