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Hydrogen permeation behavior of hot-dip aluminized manet steel

TitleHydrogen permeation behavior of hot-dip aluminized manet steel
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsGlasbrenner, H., Perujo A., and Serra Emanuele
JournalFusion Technology
KeywordsAlumina, hardness, Heat treatment, Hot dip aluminizing, Hydrogen, Hydrogen permeation, Intermetallics, Liquid metals, Martensite, Metallography, Microhardness measurement, Oxygen, Scanning electron microscopy, Stainless steel, X ray diffraction analysis, X ray photoelectron spectroscopy

A hot-dip process developed in FZK, was applied to produce a hydrogen permeation barrier on MANET steel. The formation of the alumina layer is a two step process. The hot-dip aluminizing method produced first an intermetallic layer of FexAly by immersing the specimens in molten aluminium at 1073 K for 10 min. Secondly, by its exposure to an oxygen containing gas (1223 K, 10 and 30 h) the alumina layer is formed on the intermetallic layer. The last step is to form a fully martensitic phase (δ-ferritic free structure) by a specific heat treatment (1348 K, 40 min fast cool; 1023 K, 2 h). The oxide layer and bulk material were characterized by optical metallography, Vickers microhardness measurements, scanning electron microscope (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) on the surface. A permeation reduction larger than three orders of magnitude was obtained in the sample that has undergone a 30 h exposure in air at 1223 K.


cited By 26; Conference of Proceedings of the 5th Topical Meeting on Tritium Technology in Fission, Fusion, and Isotopic Applications. Part 1 (of 2) ; Conference Date: 28 May 1995 Through 3 June 1995; Conference Code:43856

Citation KeyGlasbrenner19951159