|Title||Supercritical fluid extraction of lutein from scenedesmus almeriensis|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Mehariya, S., Iovine A., Di Sanzo Giuseppe, Larocca Vincenzo, Martino Maria, Leone Gian Paolo, Casella P., Karatza D., Marino T., Musmarra D., and Molino Antonio|
|Keywords||Biomass, Carotenoids, Dietary supplements, Fatty acids, Food additives, Lipids, Liquid-Liquid Extraction, Lutein, microalgae, pressure, Pretreatment, Purity, Recovery, Scenedesmus, Temperature|
Lutein has several benefits for human health, playing an important role in the prevention of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, amelioration of the first stages of atherosclerosis, and some types of cancer. In this work, the Scenedesmus almeriensis microalga was used as a natural source for the supercritical fluid (SF) extraction of lutein. For this purpose, the optimization of the main parameters affecting the extraction, such as biomass pre-treatment, temperature, pressure, and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) flow rate, was performed. In the first stage, the effect of mechanical pre-treatment (diatomaceous earth (DE) and biomass mixing in the range 0.25-1 DE/biomass; grinding speed varying between 0 and 600 rpm, and pre-treatment time changing from 2.5 to 10 min), was evaluated on lutein extraction efficiency. In the second stage, the influence of SF-CO 2 extraction parameters such as pressure (25-55 MPa), temperature (50 and 65 °C), and CO 2 flow rate (7.24 and 14.48 g/min) on lutein recovery and purity was investigated. The results demonstrated that by increasing temperature, pressure, and CO 2 flow rate lutein recovery and purity were improved. The maximum lutein recovery ( 98%) with purity of 34% was achieved operating at 65 °C and 55 MPa with a CO 2 flow rate of 14.48 g/min. Therefore, optimum conditions could be useful in food industries for lutein supplementation in food products. © 2019 by the authors.
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