|Title||Physical–chemical characterization of a GEM side-on 10B-based thermal neutron detector and analysis of its neutron diffraction performances|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Santoni, A., Celentano G., Claps G., Fedrigo A., Höglund C., Murtas F., Rondino F., Rufoloni A., Scherillo A., Schmidt S., Vannozzi A., and Pietropaolo A.|
|Journal||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment|
|Keywords||Boron carbide, Boron coatings, Charged particles, Chemical analysis, Chemical characterization, Electron multipliers, Gas electron multipliers, Neutron detectors, Neutron diffraction, Neutron diffraction measurements, Neutron sources, Neutrons, Spallation neutron sources, Synthesis techniques, Thermal neutron detectors, ^3He-replacement|
The synergic interplay between nuclear physics, detector technology and solid state and surface sciences is a fundamental aspect of the development of new neutron detection devices. The synthesis technique and the physical–chemical properties of the B4C films used as a neutron-to-charged particle converter are described in relation to the GEM side-on thermal neutron detector. Neutron detection is performed allowing scattered neutrons to be converted into charged particles by means of a series of sheets covered by 10B-enriched boron carbide (B4C) layers placed along their flight path inside the detector. The extremely interesting performance shown by the detector in neutron diffraction measurements at the ISIS spallation neutron sources are discussed and related to the chemical–physical properties of the converting layers. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
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