|Title||Technical and Non-Technical Measures for air pollution emission reduction: The integrated assessment of the regional Air Quality Management Plans through the Italian national model|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||D'Elia, Ilaria, Bencardino M., Ciancarella Luisella, Contaldi M., and Vialetto G.|
|Keywords||Air pollution, Air pollution control, Air quality, article, atmospheric deposition, atmospheric pollution, concentration (parameters), Control policy, Control strategies, control strategy, Driving forces, Effective measures, Emission control, Emission reduction, Environmental impact, Environmental monitoring, environmental protection, Environmental targets, Eurasia, Europe, Framework directives, health impact, implementation process, Integrated assessment, Integrated assessment models, Integrated modeling system, International negotiation, Italy, Laws and legislation, Life expectancies, management practice, Management science, Modeling, nitrogen oxide, particle size, particulate matter, Pollution, pollution monitoring, priority journal, Quality control, Quality management, Rain, Regional air quality, Southern Europe, strategic approach, Sulfur dioxide, Targets, Technical measures, Technical/Non-Technical Measures|
The Italian Air Quality legislation underwent sweeping changes with the implementation of the 1996 European Air Quality Framework Directive when the Italian administrative Regions were entrusted with air quality management tasks. The most recent Regional Air Quality Management Plans (AQMPs) highlighted the importance of Non-Technical Measures (NTMs), in addition to Technical Measures (TMs), in meeting environmental targets. The aim of the present work is to compile a list of all the TMs and NTMs taken into account in the Italian Regional AQMPs and to give in the target year, 2010, an estimation of SO2, NOx and PM10 emission reductions, of PM10 concentration and of the health impact of PM2.5 concentrations in terms of Life Expectancy Reduction. In order to do that, RAINS-Italy, as part of the National Integrated Modeling system for International Negotiation on atmospheric pollution (MINNI), has been applied. The management of TMs and NTMs inside RAINS have often obliged both the introduction of exogenous driving force scenarios and the control strategy modification. This has inspired a revision of the many NTM definitions and a clear choice of the definition adopted. It was finally highlighted that only few TMs and NTMs implemented in the AQMPs represent effective measures in reaching the environmental targets. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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