|Title||Review of Italian experience on automotive shredder residue characterization and management|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Cossu, R., Fiore S., Lai T., Luciano Antonella, Mancini G., Ruffino B., Viotti P., and Zanetti M.C.|
|Keywords||Air pollution control, analysis, article, automobile industry, Automobiles, Automotive Shredder Residue, Automotive shredder residues, Brickmaking, Cadmium, car, Cement industry, cement kiln, combustion, Emerging technologies, End-of-Life Vehicles, environment, Environmental impact, Gasification, hazardous waste, Hazards, incineration, industrial waste, Italy, landfill, Landfilling practices, leachate, Leachate treatment, leaching, Lead, Metal recovery, Metallurgical process, Metallurgy, Physical-chemical features, plastic recovery, polychlorinated biphenyl, procedures, Pyrolysis, Pyrolysis and gasification, Recycling, Refuse Disposal, secondary materials recovery, Secondary recovery, solid waste, Waste disposal, Waste incineration, waste management, waste-to-energy plant, Waste-to-energy plants|
Automotive Shredder Residue (ASR) is a special waste that can be classified as either hazardous or non hazardous depending on the amount of hazardous substances and on the features of leachate gathered from EN12457/2 test. However both the strict regulation concerning landfills and the EU targets related to End-of-Life Vehicles (ELVs) recovery and recycling rate to achieve by 2015 (Directive 2000/53/EC), will limit current landfilling practice and will impose an increased efficiency of ELVs valorization. The present paper considers ELVs context in Italy, taking into account ASRs physical-chemical features and current processing practice, focusing on the enhancement of secondary materials recovery. The application in waste-to-energy plants, cement kilns or metallurgical processes is also analyzed, with a particular attention to the possible connected environmental impacts. Pyrolysis and gasification are considered as emerging technologies although the only use of ASR is debatable its mixing with other waste streams is gradually being applied in commercial processes. The environmental impacts of the processes are acceptable, but more supporting data are needed and the advantage over (co-)incineration remains to be proven. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
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