|Title||Full scale treatment of ASR wastes in a modified rotary kiln|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Mancini, G., Viotti P., Luciano Antonella, Raboni M., and Fino D.|
|Keywords||analysis, article, atmosphere, automobile, Automobile shredder residue, Automobiles, Belt conveyors, car, Car fluff, combustion, Combustion experiments, Combustion residues, End-of-Life Vehicles, energy efficiency, Energy recovery, Energy recovery efficiency, Experiments, Feeding, Heat treatment, incineration, industrial waste, Inlet flow, Long-term experiments, pollutant, procedures, process technology, Recovery, Recycling, Regulatory compliance, rotary kiln, Storms, Waste incineration, waste management, Waste treatment|
A plant, designed for the thermo-valorisation of tyres, was specifically modified in order to treat Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR). Results from two full-scale combustion experiments, carried out on large ASR feeding lots (thousands of tons) indicate the proposed technology as a potential route to help the fulfilling of impending 95% reuse and recovery target set by the End of life Vehicle (ELV) Directive (January 2015). The paper describes the main operational troubleshot occurred during the first experiment (emissions at the stack out of regulatory limits and problems of clogging on the conveyer belt) and the consequent upgrading solutions (pre-treatment, introduction of waste double low-flow screw feeder and a cyclone prior to the main fan, modification of rotatory kiln inlet) adopted to allow, during the second long-term experiment, a continuous basis operation of the plant in full compliance with the discharge limit to the atmosphere. Characterization of both ASR and combustion residues allowed to quantify a 18% of combustion residues as not dangerous waste while only the 2% as hazardous one. A pre-treatment for the reduction of fines in the ASR was recommended in order to achieve the required energy recovery efficiency. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
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