|Title||Structural studies of thin films of semiconducting nanoparticles in polymer matrices|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Di Luccio, Tiziana, Piscopiello E., Laera A.M., and Antisari M.V.|
|Journal||Materials Science and Engineering C|
|Keywords||Bioelectronics, Catalysis, Copolymers, Cyclo-olephin copolymer (COC), Nanoparticles, Nanoscale materials, Polymer films, Polymer matrix, Semiconducting nanoparticles, Thin films, Zinc sulfide|
Ordered films of nanoscale materials are issue of wide interest for applications in several fields, such as optics, catalysis, and bioelectronics. In particular, semiconducting nanoparticles incorporation in a processable polymer film is an easy way to manipulate such materials for their application. We deposited thin layers of cadmium sulphide (CdS) and zinc sulphide (ZnS) nanoparticles embedded in a thermoplastic cyclo-olephin copolymer (COC) with elevated optical transparency and highly bio-compatible. The nanoparticles were obtained by thiolate precursors previously dispersed in the polymer upon thermal treatment at temperatures ranging between 200 and 300 °C depending on the desired size. The precursor/polymer solutions were spin-coated in order to get thin films. The spinning conditions were changed in order to optimise the layer thickness and uniformity. The samples were mainly characterised by X-ray reflectivity (XRR) and by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses. The thinnest layer we have deposited is 8 nm thick, as evaluated by XRR. The HRTEM measurements showed that the nanoparticles have quasi-spherical shape without evident microstructural defects. The size of the nanoparticles depends on the annealing temperature, e.g. at 232 °C the size of the CdS nanoparticles is about 4-5 nm. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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