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Pyrrolidinium-based ionic liquids doped with lithium salts: How does Li+ coordination affect its diffusivity?

TitlePyrrolidinium-based ionic liquids doped with lithium salts: How does Li+ coordination affect its diffusivity?
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCastiglione, F., Famulari A., Raos G., Meille S.V., Mele A., Appetecchi Giovanni Battista, and Passerini S.
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
KeywordsActivation barriers, Activation energy, Bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide, Coordination reactions, Diffusion in liquids, Ionic liquids, Ions, Lithium, Minimum-energy structures, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Nuclear overhauser effects, Pyrrolidinium-based ionic liquid, Room temperature ionic liquids, Self-diffusion coefficients, Tetrahedral coordination

We present the characterization of LiX-doped room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) based on the N-butyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium (PYR14) cation with two fluorinated anions: (trifluoromethanesulfonyl)-(nonafluorobutanesulfonyl)imide (X=IM14) and bis(pentafluoroethanesulfonyl)imide (X=BETI). The new data are also compared with previous results on PYR14TFSI (bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide). Their local organization has been investigated via NMR nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) experiments for 1H-19F and 1H-7Li that give us details on PYR14 +/X- and PYR14 +/Li+ contacts. We confirm the presence of [Li(X)2]- coordinated species in all systems. The long-range, intermolecular NOEs have been detected and provide information on the ions organization beyond the first solvation sphere. The ionic conductivity, viscosity and self-diffusion coefficients of the ionic mixtures have also been measured. The activation energies for the diffusion of the individual ions and for the fluidity are compared with those for the pure ILs. Finally, density functional calculations on [Li(BETI)2]-, [Li(IM14)2]-, and [Li(TFSI)2]- complexes demonstrate that the minimum energy structures for all systems correspond to a tetrahedral coordination of the Li-ion by four oxygen atoms of the anions. Assuming very simple key steps for the Li+ diffusion process (i.e., the concerted breaking and formation of Li-O bonds or the rearrangement around a tetrahedrally coordinated Li+), we calculate activation barriers that agree well with the experimental results (approximately 46 kJ/mol, in all systems). © 2014 American Chemical Society.


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Citation KeyCastiglione201413679