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Surface ozone risk to human health and vegetation in tropical region: The case of Thailand

TitleSurface ozone risk to human health and vegetation in tropical region: The case of Thailand
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsKittipornkul, P., Thiravetyan P., Hoshika Y., Sorrentino Beatrice, Popa I., Leca S., Sicard P., Paoletti E., and De Marco Alessandra
JournalEnvironmental Research

Tropospheric ozone (O3) is a threat to vegetation and human health over the world, in particular in Asia. Knowledge on O3 impacts on tropical ecosystems is still very limited. An O3 risk assessment to crops, forests, and people from 25 monitoring stations across the tropical and subtropical Thailand during 2005–2018 showed that 44% of sites exceeded the critical levels (CLs) of SOMO35 (i.e., the annual Sum Of daily maximum 8-h Means Over 35 ppb) for human health protection. The concentration-based AOT40 CL (i.e., sum of the hourly exceedances above 40 ppb for daylight hours during the assumed growing season) was exceeded at 52% and 48% of the sites where the main crops rice and maize are present, respectively, and at 88% and 12% of the sites where evergreen or deciduous forests are present, respectively. The flux-based metric PODY (i.e., Phytotoxic Ozone Dose above a threshold Y of uptake) was calculated and was found to exceed the CLs at 1.0%, 1.5%, 20.0%, 1.5%, 0% and 68.0% of the sites where early rice, late rice, early maize, late maize, evergreen forests, and deciduous forests can grow, respectively. Trend analysis indicated that AOT40 increased over the study period (+5.9% year−1), while POD1 decreased (- 5.3% year−1), suggesting that the role of climate change in affecting the environmental factors that control stomatal uptake cannot be neglected. These results contribute novel knowledge on O3 threat to human health, forest productivity, and food security in tropical and subtropical areas. © 2023 Elsevier Inc.


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Citation KeyKittipornkul2023