|Title||Aglianico Grape Seed Semi-Polar Extract Exerts Anticancer Effects by Modulating MDM2 Expression and Metabolic Pathways|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Cuciniello, R., Di Meo F., Demurtas Olivia Costantina, Tanori Mirella, Mancuso Mariateresa, Villano C., Aversano R., Carputo D., Baldi A., Diretto Gianfranco, Filosa S., and Crispi S.|
|Keywords||animal, Animals, grape seed extract, human, Humans, MDM2 protein, mesothelioma, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, metabolism, Mice, mouse, mouse double minute 2 homolog, plant seed, proanthocyanidin, Proanthocyanidins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2, Seeds, Vitis|
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) seeds are rich in polyphenols including proanthocyanidins, molecules with a variety of biological effects including anticancer action. We have previously reported that the grape seed semi-polar extract of Aglianico cultivar (AGS) was able to induce apoptosis and decrease cancer properties in different mesothelioma cell lines. Concomitantly, this extract resulted in enriched oligomeric proanthocyanidins which might be involved in determining the anticancer activity. Through transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses, we investigated in detail the anticancer pathway induced by AGS. Transcriptomics analysis and functional annotation allowed the identification of the relevant causative genes involved in the apoptotic induction following AGS treatment. Subsequent biological validation strengthened the hypothesis that MDM2 could be the molecular target of AGS and that it could act in both a p53-dependent and independent manner. Finally, AGS significantly inhibited tumor progression in a xenograft mouse model of mesothelioma, confirming also in vivo that MDM2 could act as molecular player responsible for the AGS antitumor effect. Our findings indicated that AGS, exerting a pro-apoptotic effect by hindering MDM2 pathway, could represent a novel source of anticancer molecules. © 2023 by the authors.
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